Video about the Host - landing site, watering, feeding, classification
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Host video - choosing the right place for planting, depending on the type and variety of hosts. How to water the host, what fertilizers are needed. Host classification by leaf color and bush height.
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Forsythia: description, planting in the open field, departure from Moscow region to Siberia - mini-encyclopedia (80+ Photos & Videos) + Reviews
Forsythia is very popular in European countries, it can be found on the streets and in the gardens of Berlin, London, Paris. What explains the popularity of this shrub? For Europeans, forsythia is a symbol of the arrival of spring.
When the white and gray tones of winter are already tired, when the heart wants sun and warmth, forsythia blooms. The yellow flame of its flowers attracts the eye, and in combination with the spherical or drooping crown shape, the plant looks just gorgeous. The main advantages of forsythia, in addition to early flowering, are simple planting and undemanding shrub to care.
Planting roses outdoors
Novice gardeners, before buying rose seedlings, should find out in what place it is better to plant this culture, then carry out preparatory work. You also need to decide on the type and variety, based on the climatic conditions of the growing region and taste preferences.
This flower is very fond of sunlight, so the place should be unshaded, preferably the east side. This will allow the dew to dry out in the morning, thereby reducing the risk of developing fungi. In case of lack of sun, the flower grows poorly, and later begins to suffer from various diseases.
The place should not be in a low place so that the accumulation of liquid does not appear. Higher elevations reduce the risk of groundwater availability. After all, the roots, due to high humidity, can begin to rot, which will lead to the death of the flower. In addition, the high landing site will not allow cold air currents to accumulate. Eliminate the presence of drafts.
The soil, for cultivation, requires loamy, it is light in structure, with good air permeability. Acidity is best if it is neutral or weak. The fertility of the land can be increased by applying fertilizers and minerals.
You should not grow a rose in the same place for more than 7-8 years, because the plant will drain the land during this period. New bushes will lack the nutrients for strong and healthy growth.
These beauties can be planted both in spring and autumn. Spring planting begins in mid-April, the soil must be thawed from winter frosts. In the Urals and Siberia, this time comes a little later, in May.
The place where you plan to plant the seedling should be prepared in advance. Due to the fact that the root system of the plant is large and goes deep into the ground, a hole is dug at least 60-70 cm. In half a month the soil will settle and our culture will not go underground.
If the soil is heavy, thin it with sand. And if, on the contrary, it is too light, then add a small amount of clay.
In autumn, disembarkation time is in September or October. The main thing is that frost does not come. After all, a plant needs time to get used to and strengthen.
Do I need to prune hosts
Until now, flower growers have not come to a consensus: should and when to cut foliage? Why are there such disputes? It is noticed that this flower perfectly tolerates winter, even if the foliage is not cut off.
It is believed that nutrients are transferred to the roots, and the hosta's root system is large enough, therefore, requires good nutrition. By cutting off all the greens, you will deprive the roots of the nutrition that is necessary in order to calmly survive the winter cold.
If you still decide to prune, then trim the tops when they are completely yellow. Yellowed foliage signals that all the nutrients have gone to the root system. When trimming, leave small stumps, about 10 centimeters. It is not recommended to leave the bushes without hemp. In the spring it will be difficult to bring the peduncle into the light.
Many gardeners feel sorry for pruning flower stalks. But everyone decides for himself. The time for trimming the peduncles is the beginning of October.
When deciding when to prune, keep an eye on the foliage. If it turns yellow, then proceed to pruning. Even if you don't have time, it's okay, the flower will overwinter with the tops. In the spring, simply remove the tops and the hosta will begin to bloom the leaves again.
Experienced growers do not prune the hosta for another reason: the rich leaf cover reliably covers the roots, protecting them from freezing. Heed the advice of growers and don't prune your host in the fall.
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This plant is able to grow well in various types of soil. However, hosta Undulata prefers friable with moderate moisture, which is combined with mild acidity. At the same time, loam and sand are undesirable for them.
When planting a plant, you need to take into account what kind of illumination is in this place. The best option for a flower will depend on the color of the leaves. If they are bright green, good lighting may be the best choice. In the case when the leaves are gray-blue in color, they are more suitable when the sunlight falls on them for no longer than two hours a day.
Important! It is undesirable if there will be drafts in the place where the wavy Mediovariety host will grow. Plant feeding is necessary
The need for it increases if it grows on soil that is not rich in useful substances. Suitable for this purpose:
Fertilizing the plant is necessary. The need for it increases if it grows on soil that is not rich in useful substances. Suitable for this purpose:
- mineral fertilizers
Prepare the soil for planting in the fall. On the site that is intended for planting hosts, you need to put a 10 cm layer of organic fertilizer. After that, it is recommended to dig up the ground. This should be done to the depth of the shovel bayonet.
The plant is planted in the ground in the spring. The distance between the holes is chosen in accordance with how large the plant is. For large bushes, the MediaVariety hosts are a good choice at a distance of 80-100 cm.
When planting, the seedling is placed in a hole with a depth of no more than 3 cm
It is necessary to pay special attention to the roots: they must be carefully spread and covered with earth. After planting, you need to water abundantly and sprinkle with chopped bark for mulching.
The best food for flowers is peat and humus. However, if the soil at the planting site is fertile, then the plant can live for two or three years without feeding.
Mineral fertilizers are almost unnecessary for the hosts. If liquid fertilizers are used, then fertilizing is done every two weeks, starting in mid-July.
Water this plant abundantly. If it lacks moisture, it will be visible by the darkening of the tips of the leaves.
Hosta Wavy MediaVariety
When watering, you need to ensure that:
- Water does not get on the tips of the leaves - because of this, they can deteriorate.
- The jet would not be too strong - this can lead to compaction of the soil next to the plant.
- Watering was carried out in the early morning.
For this plant, infection with a fungal disease phyllostikosis is dangerous. The host also needs to be protected from pests.
If a plant is attacked by slugs, a folk method can be used to combat them. At the same time, containers with beer are placed around the diseased plant, slugs, attracted by the smell, leave the host. Then they are collected and destroyed.
When attacking caterpillars or grasshoppers, specialized chemical agents will be required for protection.
This is interesting: Hosta Wide Brim: explained in detail
Taking care of the host in the open field
In conclusion, it remains only to add, growing the host in the open field in the garden, there is a high probability that slugs will choose it. After all, these pests love to live where it is humid. And this is exactly the environment in which hosts also prefer to grow. Signs of their presence can be seen in the perforated leaves. There are many folk remedies for dealing with slugs. Find out how to deal with them by following the link. One way is with beer traps. This drink is poured into small flat containers and the containers with beer are placed between the bushes. Slugs do not keep themselves waiting for a feast. You only then have to collect and destroy the pests.
Another misfortune is disease. Although the host is almost susceptible to diseases. However, the most possible are the following.
- Root collar rot ... The most dangerous disease. The diseased hosta stops growing, the leaves begin to rot and die off. Such a bush needs to be urgently dug out, the affected areas should be cut out with a sharp knife, the slices should be sprinkled with any fungicide, and the plant should be transplanted to another place.
- Viral diseases ... They rarely get sick. Round spots appear on the leaves. Gardeners do not always pay attention to this, since the affected leaves differ little from healthy ones. It is practically impossible to cure the disease, so the plants must be immediately dug up and burned.
- Phylostictosis - a fungal disease affecting weakened flowers or affected by frost. Yellowish-brown spots appear on the leaves, gradually merging with each other. Later, the spots become covered with a grayish bloom from the sporulation of the fungus. Then the spots crack and finally fall out. The infected bush must be urgently removed and burned. It is also necessary to reduce watering of other hosts and spray them with fungicide solutions.
- Gray rot (mold) ... First, the edges of the leaves are affected, they seem to rot. With the progression, the leaf is affected and rots completely. In a short time, the plant can rot completely. Therefore, with high humidity and frequent rains, it is necessary to spray the bushes with Bordeaux liquid or Topaz as a preventive measure. If the plant is severely affected, it must be dug up and destroyed.
Dear readers, if you have never grown a hosta before, then this guide will hopefully help you in the initial stages of growing it. Despite the fact that a lot has been written about cultivation and care, it is still quite simple to grow a shade-loving beauty.