Watercress - grow on a windowsill
We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Watercress or watercress (Nasturtium officinale), growing on a windowsill, recipes
Alas, it is not at all easy to grow greenery in our apartments in winter. And for the most part, like other plants, it is also photophilous, but with extra light space we have just constant problems, more precisely, there is only one problem - this very space is simply not enough.
That is why it is worth paying attention to such a plant as watercresswhich develops literally "at the speed of light". It reaches a height of 30-90 cm and is perfect for salads and as a seasoning for meat, fish and other dishes - they use leaves, stems and tops of young shoots. Their taste is spicy, mustard. Until recently, little was known about this plant. Meanwhile, watercress is a promising crop and is a perennial, rapidly growing plant of the cabbage family. It has long been cultivated as a vegetable crop in the countries of Western Europe, Asia and America, and it succeeds both in the open and in protected ground.
Watercress was introduced into the culture in the 19th century, first in England, and then in other countries. They eat raw leaves and tops of young shoots, which have a pungent mustard taste, improve appetite and contain many vitamins. In terms of beta-carotene and other vitamins, watercress is superior to celery and onions, and is not inferior to parsley. The plant also contains essential oil (0.42 mg), iodine, rich in minerals, especially phosphorus.
Why is watercress useful?
Watercress is found in many countries of Europe and Asia, and also grows in America, where it was brought by European settlers. Wild watercress has been used as a vegetable crop since ancient times. And not so much because of its pleasant taste, but because of its benefits. This green herb has been praised since ancient times for its medicinal qualities, and it will be especially useful in the winter-spring period.
In ancient Rome, it was believed that watercress greens, used together with vinegar, soothed and healed people with a dull mind. In China, it is used to lower blood pressure and as a laxative. The Irish are particularly strong in the health benefits of watercress, citing the legend that many of their preachers ate watercress and dry bread all their lives and remained healthy. Watercress is also known as an antiscorbutic, diuretic, expectorant, tonic, blood purifier. The plant is useful for obesity and diabetes.
In terms of vitamin C content, this type of salad is 2-5 times superior to green onion leaves. Its particular value is the content of a significant amount of iodine, the lack of which causes thyroid disease. In addition to vitamin C (up to 150 mg%), watercress contains iodine, up to 0.45 mg per 1 kg of dry matter, as well as iron, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and copper. Watercress sap is exceptionally rich in sulfur, which makes up more than one third of all the mineral elements and salts of watercress combined. Acids (including sulfur, phosphorus and chlorine) form about 45% of the elements in watercress. Since this juice is a powerful intestinal cleansing agent, it should never be consumed alone, but only mixed with other juices, such as carrot or celery juices.
A mixture of carrot juice with spinach juice and a small amount of watercress and turnip leaf juice contains substances necessary for normal blood restoration and especially for improving its oxygen supply. For anemia, low blood pressure and thinness, this mixture is an excellent nutrition. A mixture of carrot juice, spinach, turnip leaves and watercress has the ability to dissolve clotted blood fibrin in hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids and many types of tumors.
Drinking one liter of this mixture daily, with the complete exclusion of flour, meat products and sugar from the diet, brought the body back to normal for one to six months in a natural way. With surgery, the recovery process may take longer.
Watercress juice is a valuable addition to carrot, parsley and potato juices in the treatment of emphysema. In this mixture of juices, the predominance of phosphorus and chlorine is of particular value.
Outdoors. In theory, watercress is cultivated in the same way as rice, but only in running water. Soil preparation consists of leveling the surface, cutting water supply and drainage ditches and filling watersheds. Where the watercress does not form seeds, it is propagated vegetatively by planting young plants. First, they are kept with some green crops in running water for 4 days, then the water is removed for 3 days, but the soil should be waterlogged. Only after that, every 4-5 days, the plants are left for 1-2 days without running water, which is also removed overnight. In general, for us who do not know how to grow rice, this is a rather complicated technology.
Watercress can also be cultivated in open ground with abundant watering in areas located in depressions, near water bodies, on marshy soils. In particular, there are such recommendations: to grow watercress, dig a trench 60 cm wide and 30 cm deep.A 15 cm thick layer of organic fertilizers should be placed on its bottom: rotted manure, garden compost or peat. This helps to accumulate moisture in the garden. Pour a layer of earth 7-10 cm thick on top, into which to plant the cuttings that have given roots. And then water regularly and very abundantly.
Indoors. The disadvantage of the technology of cultivation of watercress in running water is that a significant proportion of the mineral fertilizer is washed off the ridges within 12 hours. Therefore, in France and England, a new agricultural technique for watercress, which requires little water, has long been developed - hydroponic culture. Its implementation is also possible in protected ground conditions - both in industrial greenhouses and simply in indoor conditions. When grown in greenhouses in hydroponics in industrial greenhouses, for example, 6-8 cuts of watercress greens are obtained per year (2.5 kg per 1 m2 for each cut).
It is not difficult to build a hydroponic structure at home - just take a wide container (an ordinary plastic basin is perfect, preferably a rectangular one) and fill it two-thirds with moss. Moss is periodically moistened with a ready-made nutrient solution based on, for example, Ideal or other similar fertilizer. Planting plants is carried out directly into the moss as densely as possible - and soon you will have a real lawn with tasty and healthy watercress.
Reproduction of watercress
Watercress is propagated mainly by petioles about 15 cm long - the surface of the plant is devoid of hairy cover, when it comes into contact with soil or water, it forms roots. Or you can simply cut the cuttings and put them in a glass of water, half or one-third filled with water. After 7-10 days, roots appear.
Culinary recipes from watercress
Watercress greens are used in food mainly fresh in salads, and also as an addition to sandwiches with ham, fish and cheese. It makes an excellent side dish for game. The ancient Romans prepared cress with pepper. The French made a delicious green Potage cressonier soup with cress and potatoes. In China, where the plant's name means "western water vegetable", watercress is made into soups, but it is never served fresh. The whole plant greens (leaves and stems) are allowed for food. Delicious sandwiches with ham, fish or cheese, covered with watercress greens, are obtained. Chopped greens are added to soups or used as a side dish to the second meat and fish dishes.
Puree soup with potatoes and watercress
Heat 1 tbsp in a saucepan. spoon olive oil and fry 2 handfuls of chopped chives for 1-2 minutes with salt and pepper. Add 300 g of finished mashed potatoes, 1/2 seeded and finely chopped chili and 400 ml of chicken or vegetable broth. Bring to a boil and add 2-3 handfuls of watercress. Whisk in a food processor. Return to saucepan, reheat and season to taste. Serve garnished with chives.
Green watercress sauce
Boil 300 ml heavy cream with 1 finely chopped shallots and cook until the mixture is 1/3. Fry a handful of watercress in 25 g of butter and add to the cream. You can dilute the sauce by adding boiling milk if you like. Season to taste and drizzle with lemon juice. Whisk in a food processor if desired.
Cress and orange salad
Grate the zest of 2 oranges on a fine grater, then peel them with a sharp knife, cutting off all the white rind. Use a knife to cut slices between the films and place them all in a bowl along with the juice that will drip while you cut the orange. Make a dressing by mixing 2 tbsp. tablespoons of olive oil with 1 tbsp. a spoonful of orange juice, grated zest, a pinch of sugar, salt and pepper. Toss the bunch of cress with the dressing and sprinkle the mixture over the orange wedges.
Fried salmon with cress sauce
Beat up 110 ml of wine vinegar, 55 g of vegetable oil and 55 g of cress. Set aside for a while, so that the dressing is infused. Grease 2 pieces of salmon fillet 200 g each with vegetable oil, season. Fry on both sides in a hot skillet. Put a pile of watercress in the middle of the plate, and put a piece of salmon on top. Sprinkle with sesame seeds (2 tablespoons) and pour over the dressing.
Cucumber soup with watercress
Melt 55 g butter, add 2 bunches of chopped green onions and 1 large cucumber, peeled and finely chopped. Cook until soft and add 2 bunches of cress, salt and pepper. Add 1 liter of water or weak broth. Bring to a boil and cook for 5 minutes. Whisk and serve either warm with sour cream or cold.
Sauté half a finely chopped red onion in butter in a saucepan for 2 minutes, add 2 finely chopped garlic cloves and cook for another 2 minutes. Pour in 290 ml of vegetable broth, 4 tbsp. tablespoons of cream and 4 tbsp. spoons of milk. Season to taste and cook for 2 minutes. Add half the bunch of watercress before whisking the soup in a food processor. Serve the soup, garnished with a sprig of mint.
Cress and Pumpkin Seed Salad
In a salad bowl, beat the juice of half a lemon with 1 tbsp. spoon of olive oil. Add 1 bunch of cress, 3 finely grated carrots and mix. Rub 2 boiled eggs on top. Then heat a drop of vegetable oil in a frying pan, add 1 tbsp. a spoonful of pumpkin seeds, fry for a couple of minutes, add 1 tsp. honey and remove from heat. Sprinkle the seeds over the salad and serve.
Cauliflower, watercress and egg salad
Steam for 4 minutes a head of cauliflower, broken into inflorescences. Boil 3 eggs, chill and cut lengthwise into wedges. Stir in cabbage, eggs and 2 bunches of watercress, adding 4 tbsp. spoons of vinaigrette dressing, and serve.
Trout stuffed with watercress
Finely chop 2 bunches of watercress, mix it with 100 g of cottage cheese, 1 tbsp. a spoonful of horseradish, 1 raw egg and seasonings. Fill 4 large boneless trout with the mixture and wrap each fish in a large sheet of oiled foil. Bake in the oven at 1800C for 20 minutes, until the fish breaks open easily with a fork.
Sandwiches with cheese, shrimps and watercress
Mix 75 g of cream cheese and 59 g of peeled and chopped shrimp, season to taste. Spread the filling on 4 slices of bread, sprinkle heavily with watercress, cover with 4 slices of bread. Cut off the crusts and cut the sandwiches into 4 pieces diagonally to form triangles.
Watercress: tips for growing at home
The choice of capacity and soil
A container or box for growing a green culture should be at least 8-10 cm high.It is advisable to purchase the soil mixture in retail chains, since the garden soil may contain the larvae and eggs of harmful insects, which will easily and quickly destroy newly appeared young shoots ... The soil can be used as recommended for growing seedlings or for indoor plants.
Preventive spraying with solutions containing chemical preparations cannot be used, because hazardous substances do not have time to be neutralized in a short period of time and can cause irreparable harm to health.
Seeds are recommended to be sown randomly. The average consumption of seed material per 1 square meter is 20 g. The depth of planting seeds is about 5 mm.
To form a strong root system of plants, containers with emerging young shoots are recommended to be placed in a room with a temperature of six to eight degrees Celsius and left there until the first full-fledged leaf appears. Seedlings with emerging leaves require a higher temperature of content - from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius. You should not exceed the recommended temperature, as this will affect the quality and appearance of the watercress. Young plants will begin to stretch out, which is why their stems will become very thin and subsequently all specimens simply lie on the surface of the soil. The most favorable place with the optimum temperature is the space between the window frames. In the autumn-winter period, you can safely place containers with plants there. This method of growing watercress yields a yield of about 600 g per square meter of land.
Site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
Watercress in the countries of Western Europe, Asia, America has long been used as a vegetable crop.
Leaves and tops of young shoots are eaten. They have a pungent mustard taste, improve appetite, contain sugar, dry matter (7.34%), vitamin C (79.06 mg%), carotenoids (28.23 mg%), essential oil (0.42 mg%), as well as sulfate nitrogen, iodine, iron and phosphorus.
In addition to food, watercress has> medicinal value with many useful properties. It is known as an antiscorbutic, diuretic, expectorant, tonic, blood-purifying agent.
Due to the fact that the plant is rich in minerals and vitamins, but at the same time low in calories (there are almost no sugars), watercress is useful for obesity and diabetes.
Morphological features and requirements for growing conditions. Watercress is a fast growing perennial plant cultivated as an annual crop. The stem is ascending, thick, hollow, 80 cm high and more, easily takes root. The leaves are dark green, 6-leafy, pinnately dissected, on wide petioles with three to nine pairs of oblong or oval lateral lobes and a larger upper one.
The flowers are small, white, clustered in racemose inflorescences. There are six stamens.
The fruit is a pod, linear and oblong-linear, slightly swollen. The seeds are very small, reddish brown. It grows well and gives tender greens with a lot of moisture.
Watercress is grown with abundant watering, in areas with a mild climate, as well as along the banks of streams, rivers and other bodies of water at a minimum water temperature of 10-12 C. Propagated by seeds and cuttings. Planting is carried out with seedlings grown from seeds, or cuttings.
Growing technique watercress is similar to rice cultivation technology, but only in running water. Soil preparation consists of leveling the surface, cutting water supply and drainage ditches and filling watersheds.Where the watercress does not form seeds, it is propagated vegetatively by planting young plants. First, for four days, they are kept in running water, then the water is removed for three days, but the soil must be waterlogged.
Only after that, every four to five days, the plants are left for one or two days without running water, they do the same every night.
In the warm season, watercress can also be grown in the open field with abundant watering in areas located in depressions, near water bodies, on marshy soils.
When planting and then weekly in full mineral or only nitrogen fertilizers (in the middle of the growing season), depending on the development of the plants. The crop is harvested many times: 40–45 days after planting, when they reach a height of 40–50 cm or more. Cut shoots with leaves 25-30 cm long are knitted in bundles weighing 1 kg and placed in baskets of 10-15 bundles.
A peculiar cultivation technology (in running water) leads to the fact that a significant proportion of the mineral fertilizer is washed off the ridges within 12 hours after their application, which is uneconomical.
In France and England, research was launched to develop a new agricultural technology for watercress, which requires little water, that is, its cultivation on hydroponic culture.
Considering the valuable properties of watercress, our country has set the task of studying the possibility of introducing this culture for protected ground. It showed that watercress can also be grown hydroponically, as long as conventional pest control measures need to be applied.
Seed breeding and reproduction of watercress
Watercress is propagated by seeds or seedlings. When propagating by seeds at the end of the growing season, the stems with pods are collected, ripened and threshed. In vegetatively propagated varieties, shoots 20–25 cm long are separated and rooted. After rooting, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
Watercress greens are used in food mainly fresh (sandwiches with ham, fish, cheese and watercress greens).
Watercress greens salad. Rinse cut greens thoroughly in water, let them drain, chop coarsely, add salt to taste and season with mayonnaise or vegetable oil. Serve as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes.
Auspicious days for planting watercress in 2020 according to the lunar calendar
- January: 1, 17, 28, 29
- February: 6, 7, 24, 25
- in March, the best days are 4, 5, 6 (before lunch), you can do landings 17, 18, 22, 23
- April: 1 and 2 best days, you can sow 13, 14, 18, 19
- May: 25, 26 or 11, 12, 15, 16
- June: 7, 8, 12, 13, 22, 23.
Unfavorable days for sowing and planting:
- January: 10, 25
- February: 9, 23
- March: 9, 24
- April: 8, 23
- May: 7, 22
- June: 5, 21.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners have long confirmed a simple truth in practice: Plant plants on favorable days - you will be with a harvest!
The moon can influence the development of plants, so it is useful to have a fresh Lunar calendar for 2020 at hand when planning gardening.
With its help, the most favorable terms are determined for sowing seeds, planting trees, cultivating the soil, planting or transplanting fruit and berry crops.
The lunar month lasts 29.5 days. During this period, the moon makes a full revolution around the Earth and goes through 4 phases:
- New moon
- First quarter or waxing moon
- Full moon
- Last quarter or waning moon
What is watercress?
Watercress is a rapidly growing perennial cabbage plant. In Europe, Asia and America, it has been cultivated as a vegetable for a long time both in open and protected ground.
The plant lives up to its name, as it grows well near rivers, streams, springs with clean water. But it can be successfully grown in special facilities.
Watercress will form roots whenever it comes into contact with soil. The stem is thick, ascending and easily takes root. At the end of the peduncle it has a racemose inflorescence with white flowers. The plant has a specific flavor - sharp, reminiscent of mustard.
The nutritional benefits of watercress are an optimal ratio of calcium and potassium, a high iodine content, an abundance of minerals and vitamins, and a low calorie content. Very effective in treating diabetes and obesity.
Watercress is grown in mild climates with abundant watering. In the middle lane - under the film. When grown near water bodies, the minimum water temperature should be 10-12 °. In greenhouses, it will grow successfully in hydroponics. They are planted with seedlings, which are grown from cuttings or seeds.
As for the varieties, they are very limited, they have not been released yet. In the West and in America, Improved and Broadleaf varieties are known. Watercress was brought to us from Cuba.
Growing crops in greenhouses using hydroponics, you can get up to 8 mows of greenery per year (with each cut of 2.5 kg per 1 sq. M).
Outdoor watercress grows well in humid, shaded areas with abundant watering under the film. Immerse freshly cut cuttings up to 20 cm in length in a container with water (you can even in a glass), one-third or half full. In about a week or so, the roots will appear. Cuttings are planted according to the 20X20 cm scheme. During planting and then every week, apply nitrogen or complete mineral fertilizers, based on how the seedlings develop.
The crop is harvested many times - every 2 months in greenhouses or mowed twice during the growing season when grown under a film in the open field. Shoots with leaves are cut up to 30 cm long, tied in bundles up to 0.5 kg in weight, packed in plastic bags. The greens are cut with a sickle or scissors.
Everything goes for food - both stems and leaves. Sandwiches with cheese, fish, ham, seasoned with greens of watercress will be very tasty. These greens can also be added to soups and used as a side dish for main courses with fish or meat.
Watercress, also known as medicinal watercress (Nasturtium officinale) - perennial (can be cultivated as an annual), herbaceous plant from the cabbage family (cruciferous) with an ascending, rooting at the nodes, hollow, granular-grooved, branched stem, 10-60 cm high. The leaves are feathery, with 2-3 or 2- 5 pairs of lateral, elliptical or ovate leaflets. Flowers are small, white, in short apical racemes bloom from April - May to September. Fruits - the pods do not ripen at the same time.
Used photo of the site: www.ogorodik-sad.ru
Where can you find watercress in nature?
It is found near water bodies, in swamps (often enters the water), in humid places in the middle zone of the European part, in the Caucasus.
Watercress is a wild and cultivated food, spice, medicinal plant. They eat young leaves with a mustard flavor (salads, borsch, mashed potatoes, garnish for meat), seeds (as a mustard substitute). For medicinal purposes, the herb is used, which has anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anthelmintic, mild laxative, disinfectant, antianemic, blood-purifying, antiscorbutic effect, improves metabolism, digestion, and is useful for spring fatigue.
Accommodation in a cottage
Recommended for growing in a damp coastal zone of water bodies with little entry into the water; in southern regions with a hot climate, it is better to plant in ditches with running water. The modest appearance of the plant determines the filling role for it, complemented during the flowering period with the classic white color, which creates a zone of rest for the eyes. The distance between plants is 10-15 cm, the seeding depth is 1.5-2 cm. It needs moist nutrient soil, does not tolerate drought at all.
It is interesting
The Latin name of the genus Nasturtium can be translated as a wrinkling nose, given to plants for a burning taste, reminiscent of a radish or radish
How to grow herbs on a windowsill in winter. ONION ON THE WINDOWSILL - HOW TO GROW.
And we will tell you separately how to get fresh onion feathers on the windowsill - by germinating the bulbs in water.
Pour water into cups (glasses, jars) so that the onion dropped into the container is immersed in it no more than half. And leave it like that in the water. After two days, the bulb will begin to give a feather. To make the whole composition look beautiful, you can arrange such plantings of onion greens - with decorative materials.
And here's an idea for using eggshells to sprout bulbs. Pour water into the shells. We lower the small bulbs outside and wait for the green harvest.
These are the simple rules for growing greenery in your home on a windowsill or balcony.
Successful sowing and tasty harvest.
When planning to master the cultivation of greenery on the windowsill in winter, autumn and spring, lovers of indoor beds consider three indisputable leaders: dill, parsley and green onions.
These plants are suitable as a condiment for many dishes. They gained their popularity due to their ease of care, versatility and taste. How to grow popular and not very well-worn spicy herbs in the kitchen with your own hands, what to look for in order for the crop to please the eye and taste?
Watercress or watercress is grown not only on open, but also on closed soil. You can even do this on your windowsill, the plant is compact, therefore it will not bring much trouble to the owners. Many people believe that watercress can replace mustard in taste; vegetable crops are widely used not only for their taste, but also for their beneficial properties.